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Breed Pomeranian
  • Breed Group
    Toy Group
  • Temperament
    Inquisitive, Playful, Bold, Friendly
  • Personality
    • Height6-7 in
    • Weight3-7 lbs
    • Lifespan12-16 years
    • EnergyModerate
    • GroomingModerate
    • SheddingSeasonal

Pomeranian

Pomeranian Facts and Best Dog Food - NutriCanine

Pomeranians ‚ÄĒ also known as Poms or Pom Poms are globally renowned for their beauty and strong character. This breed originated from a historical region called Pomerania, located on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea in Central Europe, between Poland and Germany. Pomeranians descend from larger sled-pulling Arctic breeds and are close relatives to the American Eskimo Dog, the German Spitz and the Samoyed. Pomeranians are the smallest of the Spitz breeds. These dogs were primarily bred for herding, guarding and protecting livestock. Pomeranians also made excellent companion dogs which they‚Äôre commonly used for today. The Pomeranian was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1888.

Create the perfect meal plan for your Pomeranian


Pomeranian Appearance 

Pomeranians are fluffy little dogs from the toy category. Pom’s typically weigh between 3-7 pounds and can grow to be 6-7 inches in height. Pomeranians are square-proportioned, with a fox-like face, small triangle-shaped ears and a fluffy tail that curls over their back.


Pomeranian Temperament 

For a small dog, Pomeranians pack a lot of personality. These dogs are characterized as curious, loyal, bold, intelligent, and feisty. Pomeranians are very playful and love to be the center of attention. They’re a great option for families with children who are old enough to respect and care for a dog.

Learn how diet effects your dog’s behaviour


Grooming Your Pomeranian

One of the most distinguishing features of the Pomeranian is their profuse double-coat. They have a fluffy outer coat and a short, dense inner coat. Pomeranians can have many different colour coats including black, brown, white, orange-red, cream or apricot colours with some parts of the body being darker than others. 

Pom‚Äôs shed their puppy coat around the time they‚Äôre 4-6 months old. Adult Pomeranians will shed moderately throughout the year and will typically ‚Äúblow‚ÄĚ their coat during the spring and fall. It‚Äôs recommended that you brush your Pomeranian every 2-3 days to keep their coat healthy and shiny. Pomeranians also need regular nail trimming, ear cleaning and dental care.

Give your dog a shinier coat with fresh food

Training & Exercise for Pomeranians

Pomeranians are highly intelligent and easy to train when you use the right approach. The best way to train a Pomeranian is through positive reinforcement. As Pomeranians have a short attention span, it’s important to keep training sessions short and fun. Untrained dogs including the Pomeranian tend to be snappy with children and more reserved around strangers and other pets.

Pomeranians should get at least 30-40 minutes of exercise per day. As much as Pomeranians enjoy being a lapdog, they’re an active breed that could benefit from the chance to play, run around and go for walks. Poms also do well with owners who have a fenced-in yard where they can stretch out and expend some energy.


Health Considerations for Pomeranians 

The Pomeranian is a generally healthy breed with an average lifespan of 12-16 years. To ensure your Pomeranian gets the most out of these years, it’s important to be aware of some of the common health issues Pomeranians are prone to, including cataracts, tracheal collapse, hypothyroidism and patellar luxation.

Cataracts

A cataract is developed when the lens of the eye clouds, preventing light from reaching the retina. Signs to watch for in your Pomeranian include changes in eye colour, cloudy pupils in one or both eyes, confusion and clumsiness. This condition can be treated with surgery but if left untreated can lead to blindness. 

Tracheal Collapse

Another common health risk for Pomeranians is tracheal collapse. The trachea (windpipe) consists of circular rings that are made out of cartilage. For smaller dogs like the Pomeranian, the cartilage is more prone to injury. Once the trachea starts to break down and weaken it becomes harder for your Pom to breathe properly. Common signs of tracheal collapse include difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing and a harsh honking noise. Two of the main causes of this condition are a tight collar and genetic disposition. If you suspect your Pomeranian might have tracheal collapse, take them to the vet as soon as possible. Using a harness instead of a collar is also recommended to minimize the risk.

Hypothyroidism 

Hypothyroidism is an inherited condition that is caused by a deficiency of the thyroid hormone. Due to the thyroid's widespread effects on the body, symptoms of hypothyroidism can vary.  Some of the common symptoms to be aware of in your Pomeranian include obesity, lethargy, slow heart rate, excessive hair loss and weakness of the joints. Your Pom should have their thyroid levels tested annually as this condition can develop at any time. If your Pom is diagnosed with hypothyroidism, treatment is fairly simple and effective. With the assistance of medication your Pomeranian can go on to live a full life. 

Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is a common problem among many toy or small breeds, including the Pomeranian. A luxating patella is a knee cap that moves out of its normal position. When this occurs your Pomeranian may have difficulty bearing weight on their leg. This condition can cause your Pom to have cartilage damage, pain, inflammation and in some cases ligament tears. Some symptoms to look for in your Pom include limping, lameness or sudden lifting of the hindlimb. Treatment will depend on the severity of the condition, however surgery may be needed to hold the patella in its appropriate location.

Strengthen your dog’s immune system


What Makes a Pomeranian Unique? 

Pomeranians can give birth to twins

Pom dams, or mothers, are capable of giving birth to twins. Identical twins in dogs is an incredibly rare phenomenon. Pomeranian twins are enclosed in their own individual embryonic sacs, yet share a single umbilical cord. The average size litter for Pomeranians is between 1 and 5 pups. 

Two Pomeranians survived the Titanic

There are two Pomeranians that survived the sinking of the Titanic when the iceberg hit in 1912. One of the Pom Poms belonged to Elizabeth Rothchild, who escaped in lifeboat six. While the other Pomeranian, named Lady, belonged to Margaret Bechstein Hays, who escaped in lifeboat seven. 

Pomeranians weren't always so little 

While Pomeranians today weigh between 3-7 pounds, they weren’t always this small. Pomeranians belong to the Spitz family of dogs and originated from large working dogs from the Arctic regions such as Huskies and Samoyeds. It wasn’t until Queen Victoria began to breed Pomeranians as lap dogs that they evolved into the small, toy dogs we know today. 

Create a custom Pomeranian Meal Plan


Why NutriCanine Is Great For Pomeranians

  • Best Dog Food for a Pomeranian Puppy (1-4 years)

    Growing Pomeranaian puppies require a complete and balanced diet to ensure they lead a long and healthy life. Pomeranians will typically reach their full adult size at 1 year old. Which makes the type of dog food you feed your Pom during this growth period of utmost importance. It can help to evaluate the Pomeranian’s health history when deciding the proper dog food for your Pom puppy. For example, this particular breed is prone to developing certain health conditions as they reach their adult years, such as cataracts and hypothyroidism. With this in mind, it's important to consider a nutrient-rich dog food made with real, fresh ingredients such as meat, fruits and vegetables.

    When choosing dog food for your Pomeranaian puppy, NutriCanine’s fresh dog food recipes are an ideal pick. Our fresh dog food recipes are made with fresh whole foods including chicken, salmon, turkey, beef and lamb. As you search for the right dog food for your Pom Pom, animal protein should be at the top of the ingredient list. In the developing stages, Pomeranians need a high-quality, nutrient-dense diet that will work to support their accelerated growth rate and will help prevent the various health issues this breed is susceptible to.

    NutriCanine offers a variety of dog food recipes designed to meet the nutritional needs of your Pom pup. Our raw dog food recipes will help to strengthen your Pomeranaian’s immune system while reducing any allergies and intolerances. But if you’ve got a picky eater, a pup with a sensitive stomach, or an immunocompromised family member at home, NutriCanine’s gently cooked dog food is a great option as well. All NutriCanine dog food recipes are freshly prepared with real, human-edible, locally sourced ingredients. NutriCanine’s dog food is always free of hormones, antibiotics and preservatives.

  • Best Dog Food for an Adult Pomeranian (5-7 years)

    For an active breed, consuming quality dog food that is high in protein is absolutely paramount. NutriCanine’s raw dog food recipes are a great solution as they contain rich animal proteins and natural ingredients which help support the Pom’s lean muscle mass and thick double coat. NutriCanine’s raw dog food recipes provide your Pomeranian with a variety of flavour options including chicken, salmon, turkey, beef and lamb. These raw dog food recipes are formulated to be complete and balanced and are specially designed to meet your Pom Pom’s nutritional needs.

    However, if you’ve got a picky eater, a pup with a sensitive stomach, or an immunocompromised family member at home, NutriCanine’s gently cooked dog food is a great option as well. All our dog food recipes are freshly prepared with real, human-edible, locally sourced ingredients. NutriCanine’s dog food is always free of hormones, antibiotics and preservatives. Adult Pomeranians require a trusted dog food that can fully support their active lifestyle.

  • Best Dog Food for a Senior Pomeranian

    Once a Pomeranian reaches seniority their energy levels begin to slow down considerably. It’s important to feed your Pomeranian dog food that contains high-quality ingredients and is low in calories and fat. NutriCanine’s raw dog food recipes are specially formulated to accommodate your senior dog’s nutritional needs; however, our gently cooked line might be easier for an older dog to transition to if they’re not accustomed to fresh dog food. Our fresh dog food comes in a variety of delicious recipes that your Pom Pom will absolutely love, including high-quality proteins like chicken, turkey, beef, lamb, and chicken and salmon.

    There are numerous health benefits when feeding your Pomeranian a diet of real, fresh dog food. With complete and balanced nutrition from NutriCanine, you’ll start to see health benefits in your senior Pom, including improved digestion, fresher breath, more stable energy levels, reduction of allergies and intolerances, brighter eyes, fresher breath, cleaner and whiter teeth, a stronger immune system, a thicker and glossier coat, less flatulence, and firmer stools, to name a few. Our dog food recipes offer complete and balanced nutrition for your Pomeranian, with human-edible animal proteins and our unique blend of highly digestible fruits and vegetables. All our dog food recipes are freshly prepared with no hormones, no antibiotics, and no artificial preservatives, colours or flavours.

  • Best Dog Food for an Overweight Pomeranian
    When selecting the best dog food for your Pomeranian it’s important to ensure their nutritional needs are met without going overboard on the calories. As a result of their size, Pomeranians are prone to obesity. Pomeranians need high-quality and well-balanced dog food to maintain a healthy body weight. The ideal dog food for your Pom Pom will include lean protein such as poultry and fish, low-moderate fat content, wholesome ingredients and plenty of vitamins and nutrients. At NutriCanine, we will take the time to learn about your Pomeranian and create a customized meal plan for their unique nutritional needs. Our dog food recipes come pre-portioned and ready to serve for a mess-free mealtime! NutriCanine dog food recipes are freshly prepared with real, human-edible, locally sourced ingredients.
  • Best Dog Food for a Pomeranian with a Sensitive Stomach

    If your Pomeranian has a stomach sensitivity it’s important to take the necessary steps to ensure they lead a healthy lifestyle. The first step would be to consult your veterinarian to determine if there are any underlying health issues causing the stomach issue. This is also a good opportunity to consider the type of dog food your Pom is consuming.

    Deciphering which dog food to feed your Pomeranian with a sensitive stomach is made easy with NutriCanine. Our gently cooked dog food recipes are specially designed to meet your Pom’s nutritional needs. With a variety of protein-forward recipes to choose from, a great starting point is our gently cooked beef recipe as it would respond well to your Pom’s sensitive stomach. This unique blend contains antioxidant-rich berries and highly digestible rice, the perfect formula to strengthen your Pomeranian’s immune system while reducing any allergies and intolerances. NutriCanine’s meals are freshly prepared with real human-edible, locally sourced ingredients. NutriCanine’s dog food is always free of hormones, antibiotics and preservatives.


Top 10 Facts About Pomeranians

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NutriCanine Meals

Raw

NutriCanine raw recipes contain a unique blend of highly digestible fruits and vegetables. Our raw recipes offer complete and balanced nutrition, ideal for all dogs of all ages and sizes. The transition to raw tends to be easier for younger dogs and high energy dogs.

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Gently Cooked

NutriCanine gently cooked recipes are great for all dogs including picky eaters, sensitive stomachs, or senior dogs with brittle teeth. Our recipes are safe enough for humans to eat but specially designed to meet your dog's nutritional needs.

Try NutriCanine gently cooked recipes