Alert, Playful, Affectionate, Tenacious
- Height10-13 in
- Weight25-38 lbs
- Lifespan12-13 years
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi originated in 1107 AD. One theory suggests Pembrokes were brought to Wales by Flemish weavers. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was developed in the Pembrokeshire area where they were used for herding, guarding and companionship. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi shares many similarities with the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. However, the Pembroke and Cardigan were officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) as separate breeds in 1934. The Pembroke is known to be the more popular of the two breeds.
The average weight of a male Corgi is 30 pounds and up to 28 pounds for females. Corgis can grow to be 10-12 inches in height. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is recognizable for its foxy face, short stature, docked tail and pointed muzzle and ears. Unlike the Pembroke, Cardigans tend to have smaller pointer ears and usually keep their long, full tails.
The Corgi is known for having a friendly, affectionate and fun-loving temperament. These dogs have a lot of personality packed into a small body. Corgis love to interact with people and get along well with children. They’re known for being big barkers and tend to be reserved around strangers as well as dogs and cats they don’t know.
Grooming Your Corgi
Corgis have a thick weatherproof double-coat. They have a short, light under-coat and a longer, coarse outer-coat. Corgis sheds a significant amount on a daily basis and more so in the spring and fall. Daily brushing is the best way to keep your Corgi’s coat healthy and looking its best. Corgis also need regular nail trimming, ear cleaning and dental care.
Training & Exercise for Corgis
Corgis need significant training and early socialization to grow into a well-adjusted adult. The Corgi’s desire to please its owner extends to training and its eagerness to learn. It’s also important to use positive reinforcement and reward-based training to keep your Corgi motivated.
Some Corgis pack a lot of energy for a small frame. In order to stay physically and mentally stimulated, these dogs require an ample amount of daily activity. It’s recommended that you provide your Corgi with about an hour of exercise daily. Corgis love long walks, slow jogs, playing fetch, tug of war and swimming!
Health Considerations for Corgis
The Corgi is a generally healthy breed with a lifespan of 12-13 years. To ensure your Corgi gets the most out of these years, it’s important to be aware of what signs of illnesses to look for, so you can quickly address any health concern. Some of the common health issues Corgis are prone to include cataracts, degenerative myelopathy, hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and von Willebrand disease (vWD).
A cataract is developed when the lens of the eye clouds, preventing light from reaching the retina. Signs to watch for in your Corgi include changes in eye colour, cloudy pupils in one or both eyes, confusion and clumsiness. This condition can be treated with surgery but if left untreated can lead to blindness.
As a result of their long bodies, Corgis are highly susceptible to degenerative myelopathy. This neurological disorder affects the spinal cord and can lead to paralysis in your Corgi’s hind legs. Some early signs to look for in your Corgi include difficulty standing up, stumbling, knuckling of the toes and progressive weakness of the hind legs. Although there’s no cure, physical therapy can help manage the symptoms and prolong the use of the hind legs.
Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is one of the most common canine ailments. It’s a genetic condition that causes an abnormal formation of the hip socket, which can eventually lead to lameness and arthritis of the joints. This hereditary disease can be magnified by factors including excessive growth rate, age, types of exercise and improper weight and nutrition. While mild conditions can be managed with prescription medication and physical therapy, more severe cases could require surgery. To prevent or reduce the severity of hip dysplasia, it’s important to ensure your Corgi gets a proper diet and the right amount of exercise.
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) occurs when the retina of a Corgi’s eye starts to deteriorate. Some dogs may experience total blindness, while others remain unaffected but can be carriers of the gene. There is currently no treatment that can cure this disease; however, you can learn to spot the signs early to ensure your Corgi continues to live a fulfilling life. Some common signs to look for include night blindness, bumping into objects and inability to follow hand signals/commands.
It’s important to monitor your Corgi’s vision to detect various eye conditions early on, especially in the first years of their life. It’s recommended that you have your Corgi’s eyes checked by your vet on a regular basis.
von Willebrand Disease (vWD)
Von Willebrand Disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder found in dogs, particularly in Corgis. This disease is a clotting disorder that causes excessive bleeding. It happens when there’s a deficiency of the protein von Willebrand factor. When an injury occurs, this protein is needed to help the platelets form blood clots to seal broken blood vessels. Symptoms can include nosebleeds, bloody urine or stool and prolonged or excessive bleeding during or after surgery. If your Corgi has a mild or moderate type of the disease, they can still go on to live a normal life under careful watch.
What Makes a Corgi Unique?
Corgi means “dwarf dog” in Celtic Welsh
The Corgi's name is said to have two possible origins. The first is that it comes from the Welsh Celtic language, where cor means dwarf and gi means dog. Another possible interpretation is that the word cor means watch over or gather combined with gi, which means dog.
Corgis are excellent herding dogs
As part of the herding group, Corgis have been used for herding livestock as early as the 10th century. Traditionally used to herd sheep and cattle, Corgis would nip at their feet and legs to move them along. The Corgi is also considered the shortest of all herding breeds.
Corgis are “enchanted dogs”
Legend has it that Corgis are enchanted dogs. It’s said that the fairies and elves of Wales would use them to pull tiny coaches, work fairy cattle and serve as steed for the fairy warriors. According to legend, those with an understanding heart and keen eye can see the faint outline of the “fairy saddle” over the Corgi’s shoulders.
Queen Elizabeth loves Corgis
The Corgis popularity can largely be attributed to Queen Elizabeth II. As an avid Corgi fan, she has owned over 30 Corgis in her lifetime. The Queen met her first Corgi named Dookie when King George VI brought him home from a kennel in 1933.
Why NutriCanine Is Great For Corgis
Top 10 Facts About Corgis
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